Why gun violence is a public health issue
Published: Tuesday, July 8, 2014 at 6:01 a.m.
Last Modified: Monday, July 7, 2014 at 11:06 a.m.
Q: I read that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wants to get involved in studying gun violence. Guns aren't a disease. Why would the CDC get involved?
— Fred B., Evanston, Illinois
A: Guns may not be a disease, but the damage they cause is a plague. Just think about the recent rash of school shootings and the fact that gun-related suicides account for the greatest number of gun-related deaths. But we digress. Your question must be referring to a bill in Congress that calls for $10 million a year to be allocated to the CDC for six years to study the effects of guns in America. The CDC currently spends more than 10 times that ($105 million) on the effects of tobacco, but nothing on firearms. You have the right to smoke cigarettes, but where you can smoke is legally mandated and who can legally buy cigarettes is also restricted. Firearms present a comparable situation.
Guns are involved in more than 32,000 deaths in the U.S. per year (roughly 11,000 homicides and 19,000 suicides), about the same number as auto fatalities. We think anything that kills around 88 Americans per day and injures more than twice that many is a pretty obvious public health issue.
We applaud the new bill and hope that doctors will do more than they were able to accomplish at the recent America Medical Association meeting, where the issue was raised but not acted on. While the doctors were meeting in Chicago, a total of 30 people were shot and four were killed not far from the conference.
Doctors aggressively advise patients not to smoke; and until the government embraces gun-safety measures (polls show that 79 percent of the population favors universal background checks for gun buyers), it's every doctor's responsibility to their patients and your responsibility to yourself and your family to reduce gun violence. The NRA has a gun-safety program; maybe everyone should be required to take that before they purchase a gun.
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