Knowledge is power: A Black History Month test

Published: Thursday, February 1, 2007 at 6:01 a.m.
Last Modified: Wednesday, January 31, 2007 at 3:33 p.m.
Thursday is the first day of February, which is Black History Month, a time to reflect on the accomplishments and achievements of blacks.
But how much do you really know?
This quiz can be a fun way for a family to learn about this segment of American history. Or children can test their parents to see how much they know.
1. In 1988, she won Essence magazine's Science and Technology Award. Other honors include an honorary doctorate in 1991 from Lincoln University, Ebony magazine's Black Achievement Award and an alternative public school in Detroit being named after her in 1992. But she will always be remembered as the first African-American woman in space. She is: A. Bessie Coleman B. Wilma Rudolph C. Mae C. Jemison 2. Kenneth Gibson became the first elected black mayor of a major Northeastern city when he assumed the post in Newark, N.J., on: A. July 1, 1966 B. July 1, 1970 C. July 1, 1974 3. On this day, the Supreme Court ordered that racial segregation in schools had to end at once and that unitary school systems were required: A. Oct. 29, 1969 B. Aug. 7, 1970 C. Oct. 16, 1976 4. Although she is best known for coordinating the integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., she and her husband published the ''Arkansas State Press,'' a paper that became an avid voice for civil rights before a nationally recognized movement had emerged. She had an elementary school named after her, and even helped carry the Olympic torch in Atlanta in 1996. She is: A. Daisy Bates B. Rosa Parks C. Myrlie Evers-Williams 5. This renowned photographer, writer and filmmaker was the first black photographer to work at ''Life'' and ''Vogue'' magazines. Among other notable African-American firsts, he was the first to produce a film for a major motion picture company. He deemed the first camera he bought - a $7.50 Voightlender Brilliant - was to become his weapon against poverty and racism. This creative genius is: A. Spike Lee B. Gordon Parks C. James Baldwin 6. As co-founder of the Black Panther Party, he took his fight for black rights to the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago, where he was arrested and tried with seven others for inciting a riot. When his lawyer was hospitalized, he was not allowed to defend himself and his court outbursts caused the judge to order him bound to a chair and gagged. Charges were eventually dropped. After a 1971 trial for the murder of a former Black Panther ended in a hung jury, his militant views began to soften. He left the Panthers in 1974 and in 1988 published a barbecue cookbook. This activist is: A. Robert George Seale B. Eldridge Cleaver C. Huey P. Newton 7. With such books as ''Their Eyes Were Watching God,'' ''I Love Myself When I Am Laughing'' and ''Mules and Men,'' she called attention to herself and her blackness during a time when blacks were being urged to assimilate themselves to promote better race relations. Her works are seen as manifestos of self-hood and the positive aspects of black life. This author is: A. Gwendolyn Brooks B. Maya Angelou C. Zora Neale Hurston 8. What annual event that began in 1926 evolved into Black History Month?
A. The African-American Festival B. Black History Day C. Negro History Week D. Black History Celebration Answers: 1. C; 2. B; 3. A; 4. A; 5. B; 6. A; 7. C; 8. C Sources: The History Channel, NASA, Encyclopedia Britannica,, The African American Registry, Contemporary Black Biography,
Jewel Bush writes for The Courier in Houma, La.

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