Observing the principles of Kwanzaa


Published: Thursday, January 1, 2004 at 6:01 a.m.
Last Modified: Wednesday, December 31, 2003 at 11:22 p.m.
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Tavares Holmes, 9, listens to the meanings of the candles he is lighting Wednesday at the Wilhelmina Johnson Center. Each of the seven candles represents a different night of the Kwanzaa celebration, and each night has its own special meaning. On Wednesday night, which was the sixth night, the focus was on Kuumba, the Swahili word for creativity.

LARA NEEL/The Gainesville Sun
Nguzo Saba is the Swahili term the seven principles of Kwanzaa, an African-American cultural celebration. The principles are:
  • Umoja (Unity)
  • Kujichagulia (Self determination)
  • Ujima (Collective work and responsibility)
  • Ujaama (Cooperative economics)
  • Nia (Purpose)
  • Kuumba (Creativity)
  • Imani (Faith)
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